The Montessori Advantage


Comparing Montessori and Traditional Methods of Education

A Montessori program is based on self-direction, non-competitive and cooperative activities that help a child develop a strong self-image, high level of academic and social competence, and the confidence to face challenges with optimism.
Encouraged to make decisions from an early age, Montessori educated children are problem-solvers who can make appropriate choices, manage their time, and work well with others. They exchange ideas and discuss work freely. These positive communication skills build the foundation for negotiating new settings.

 

Montessori Education Traditional Education
Views the child holistically, valuing cognitive, psychological, social and spiritual development. Views the child in terms of competence, skill level, and achievement with an emphasis on core curricula standards and social development.
Child is an active participant in learning; allowed to move about and respectfully explore the classroom environment; teacher is an instructional facilitator and guide. Child is a more passive participant in learning; teacher has a more dominant, central role in classroom activity.
A carefully prepared learning environment and method encourages development of internal self-discipline and intrinsic motivation. Teacher acts as a primary enforcer of external discipline promoting extrinsic motivation.
Instruction, both individual and group, adapts to students’ learning styles and developmental levels Instruction, both individual and group, adapts to core curricula benchmarks.
Three-year span of age grouping, three-year cycles allow teacher, students and parents to develop supportive collaborative and trust in relationships. Same-age and/or skill level grouping; one-year
Cycles allow teacher, students and parents to develop supportive collaborative and trust in relationships. Cycles can limit development of strong teacher, student and parent collaboration.
Grace, courtesy and conflict resolution are integral parts of the daily Montessori peace curriculum. Conflict resolution is usually taught separately from daily classroom activity.
Values concentration and depth of experience; supplies uninterrupted time for focused work cycle to develop. Values completion of assignments, time is tightly scheduled.
Child’s learning pace is internally determined. Instructional pace usually set by core-curricula standard expectations, group norm or teacher.
Child allowed to spot own errors through feedback from materials; errors are viewed as part of the learning process. Work is usually corrected by the teacher; errors are viewed as mistakes.
Learning is reinforced internally through the child’s own repetition of an activity and internal feelings of success. Learning is reinforced externally by test scores and rewards, completion and grades.
Care of self and environment are emphasized as integral to the learning experience. Less emphasis on self-care, spatial awareness and care of the environment.
Child can work where he/she is comfortable and the child often has choices between working alone or with a group that is highly Child is usually assigned a specific work space; talking among peers is discouraged.
Child can work where he/she is comfortable and the child often has choices between working alone or with a group that is highly collaborative among older students.
Multi-disciplinary, interwoven curriculum. Curriculum area usually taught as separate topics.
Child learns to share leadership; egalitarian interaction is encouraged. Hierarchical classroom structure is more prominent.
Progress is reported through multiple formats: conferences, narrative reports, checklists and portfolio of student’s work. Progress is usually reported through conferences, report cards/grades and test scores.
Children are encouraged to teach, collaborate and help each other. Most teaching is done by the teacher and collaboration is an alternative teaching strategy.
Child is provided opportunities to choose own work from interest and abilities; concepts taught within context of interest. Curricula organized and structured for child based on core curricula standards.
Goal is to foster a love of learning. Goal is to master core curricula objectives.